Peer-reviewed Articles

Please use the archived list on the right to look at past peer-reviewed articles.


Simpson,T. Monocular acuity in the presence and absence of fusion. Optometry and Vision Science 1992;69,5:405-410. [ Show Abstract ]

Because little is known about monocular acuity during binocular fusion, acuity of the right eye was measured in binocularly normal subjects, with the fellow eye open or fully occluded. The target was flashed for 65 ms or presented sinusoidally for 1 s. Subjects had both eyes optimally focused, or the right eye defocused by +3.00 D. Monocular acuities were equivalent during fusion or occlusion when both eyes were optimally focused. Acuity of the defocused eye was reduced when the fellow eye was open compared to when it was occluded. Suppression of the blur, therefore, produced a measurable reduction in recognition thresholds. As monocular acuity was not measurably affected by the fellow eye when each eye was in focus, the finding that monocular vision is improved with the fellow eye occluded should be ascribed to something other than suppression or more sensitive spatial measures of the suppression should be obtained.

Sorbara,L., Fonn,D., MacNeill,K. Effect of rigid gas permeable lens flexure on vision. Optometry and Vision Science 1992;69,12:953-958. [ Show Abstract ]

The flexure of spherical rigid lenses (various materials) and a soft lens was measured using automated over-keratometry on 6 adapted rigid lens wearers (12 eyes) whose corneal toricity ranged from 1.37 to 3.87 D. The results showed: (1) that there was no significant difference in flexure between polymethyl methacrylate (PMMA), silicone acrylate, and the fluorosilicone acrylate lenses (whose Dks ranged from 0 to 115). However, Advent (fluoropolymer) did flex significantly more than the other rigid lenses, and significantly less than the soft lens (Bausch & Lomb U4) and (2) that lens flexure of the rigid lenses did not alter over a 2-h period. We also measured high and low contrast visual acuity (HCVA and LCVA), and the results from subjects wearing Advent and the soft lens were significantly worse than with the other rigid lenses. Finally, the results of this study showed no correlation between rigid lens flexure and permeability and between rigid lens flexure and visual acuity when Advent was excluded from the linear regression analysis.